Pertevniyal High School, Since 1872
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About Project

Pertevniyal High School

Topkapı Palace

Dolmabahçe Palace

Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror

In the history of the Ottoman Empire, each sultan to come to the fore has had a different skill set. The seventh Ottoman sultan, Mehmed II, also known as Mehmed the Conqueror, proved his worth not only in statesmanship, military service and diplomacy, but also in fields like science and literature. In this respect, he was a complete philosopher ruler, the likes of whom are rare even in Europe.

Sultan Mehmed II was born in 1432 as the son of Sultan Murad II. His mother Hüma Hatun is believed to be a princess of the Isfendiyarids. Sultan Mehmed II was taught lessons by important scholars of the time. His father Sultan Murad II, who wanted to see his son reign while he was still alive, left him the throne. However, upon the attack of a large Crusader army, the young sultan called his father to the throne again. Mehmed II ascended the throne for the second time after Sultan Murad II's death in 1451. He immediately prepared for the conquest of Istanbul.  Finally, after a difficult siege that lasted for 53 days, Istanbul, the pearl of the world, fell into the hands of Sultan Mehmed II on May 29, 1453.

After that, he annexed all of Serbia, with the exception of Belgrade, as well as the Peloponnese, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Albania. The regions of Wallachia and Moldavia were connected to the Ottoman Empire as autonomous principalities.

After the conquest of Istanbul, the Ottoman state became an empire thanks to the territories attached to it. The Crimean Khanate, one of the remaining states of the dissolved Golden Horde State, voluntarily entered Ottoman rule in 1475.

Sultan Mehmed II fought alone against 20 states, conquering 17 as well as more than 200 cities and castles. He was wounded in the forehead and knee during the siege of Belgrade. In his time, the Ottomans surpassed Venice in naval power and became the foremost navy in the world. The Black Sea and the Aegean became inland seas.

In 1481, Sultan Mehmed II embarked on a military campaign, the goal of which was kept secret but was believed to be Italy through Egypt and Rhodes. However, the sultan, who was suffering from gout (podagra) for a while, passed away at the beginning of this campaign.

Sultan Mehmed II is considered one of the greatest and most colorful personalities in Turkish and world history. The charity works that he provided across the country, his respect for scholars and even his legendary life constitute sufficient evidence of his strength of character.

He studied Arabic, Persian, Hebrew, Serbian, Italian, Latin and Greek. He was a master poet to the extent that he had written a collection of poems, known as a diwan, under the pen name Avni.

Some of the poems of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror were converted into songs. 

Due to the fact that Pertevniyal High School was founded by the members of Ottoman dynasty, one of the aims of the project is as follows;


- To perform the songs of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and the compositions of Sultan Abdülaziz and some other Sultans in Türkiye & abroad for the world peace.